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supporting analysis > elemental and molecular analysis > electron probe microanalysis (EPMA)

Preferred term

electron probe microanalysis (EPMA)  


  • A method examining the surface by combining spectrographic analysis and microscopic studies. Archaeological applications typically fall into three categories: the identification or confirmation of archaeological materials in thin section; chemical characterisation of the soil fine mass often with the aim of determining its source(s); and analysis of the taphonomic alteration of archaeological materials.

Entry terms

  • X-ray microanalysis


  • Hornblower, A. P. (1962). Archaeological Applications of the electron probe microanalyser. Archaeometry, 5(1), 108–112. Wilson, C. A., & Stoops, G. (2017). Electrone Probe X-ray microanalysis (SEM-EPMA) Techniques. In C. Nicosia (Ed.), Archaeological Soil and Sediment Micromorphology. John Wiley &Sons.

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  • 539


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