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  • Α morpheme is the smallest grammatical and meaningful unit of a language. A morpheme is not identical to a word, and the principal difference between the two is that a morpheme may or may not stand alone, whereas a word, by definition, is freestanding. When it stands by itself, it is considered a root because it has a meaning of its own and when it depends on another morpheme to express an idea, it is an affix because it has a grammatical function. Every word comprises one or more morphemes.The more combinations a morpheme is found in, the more productive it is said to be.


  • Bloomfield 1933
  • Booij 2007
  • Carstairs-McCarthy 1992
  • Ράλλη 2005


  • Katsiadakis Helen (AA)


  • Karasimos Athanasios (AA)


  • 586

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