- The production of written or oral verbal works deemed to have an aesthetic value, often due to deploying language in ways that differ from ordinary usage.
- Abrams&Harpham 2009
- Βελουδής 1994
- Παππάς, Κατσιγιάννης & Διαμαντοπούλου 2015
- Katsiadakis Helen (AA)
- Kalafata Patritsia (AA)