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PREFERRED TERM
1745Druzes  
BROADER CONCEPT
SCOPE NOTE
  • Ethnoreligious group of the Near East. The Druzes are a particularly divergent branch of Shia Ismailism that originates in the dynasty of the Fatimids in medieval Egypt, and specifically in the reign of the caliph al-Ḥakim bi-Amr Allah, who is considered by them by as an incarnation of God. The formation of an extreme unitarian version of Ismailism by Hamza al-Zawzani, which rejected some of the most widely accepted Islamic practices, led to persecutions against his followers. The latter were confined to Syria and, mainly, to Mount Lebanon, where the Druzes were formed as an ethnoreligious group based on a tribal social structure. During the 19th century, and in the context of the European Powers' intervention and competition, a part of the Druzes committed massacres against the Maronite Christians. European intervention led to the creation of the state of Lebanon. The Druzes are a vital part of Lebanese society and politics.
SOURCE
  • Bowering 2013
CONTRIBUTOR
  • Vernardaki Eleni (AA)
CREATOR
  • Tzedopoulos Giorgos (AA)
IN OTHER LANGUAGES
URI
https://humanitiesthesaurus.academyofathens.gr/dyas-resource/Concept/1745
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RDF/XML TURTLE JSON-LD last modified 2020-02-27 Created 2019-06-032019-06-03