- In the narrow sense, inference to a generalisation from its instances. In the broad sense, any "ampliative inference", i.e. any inference where the content of the conclusion goes beyond the content of its premises. Contrary to deduction, induction may have true premises and a false conclusion, which means that induction is "not necessarily truth-preserving".
- Audi 2011
- Salmon, Earman, Glymour, Lennox, Machamer, McGuire, ... Schaffner 1998
- Katsiadakis Helen (AA)
- Mergoupi-Savaidou Eirini (AA)
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